Project 'Security Risks of Flood Defences'

Security Risks of Flood Defences

- Project proposal NWO Cyber Security 2014.  Secure Our Safety: Building Cyber Security for Flood Management. 
Threat Modeling Techniques
- LDE A0 Poster


Water infrastructures have been attractive targets for terrorists and history for over 2,500 years. After the 9/11 attacks, terrorist organisations, notably Al Qaida, have shown strong interest in water defence structures, water supply and SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems. 


The main goals of this study were to model the destructive power of physical modus operandi (ranging from a hovel, a backpack to, for instance, a lorry to cyber-attacks), to determine gaps in flood security, and to investigate preventive measures (such as cameras, sensors, barriers, walls and check points).

Mosul Dam
Mosul Dam


The study produces a matrix with at one axis the type of structure (levee, seawall, bosom quay, dune, lock, dam, weir) and at the other axis the modus operandi. The cells in the matrix show some indicative weight of incentives leading to the (partial) disruption of a particular type of flood barrier.


The results will be presented to the Ministry of Water Management and the NCTV (Nationaal Coordinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid ) to seek opportunities to further develop the research.


  • Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Safety and Security 
  • Rijkswaterstaat (Mrs. Hellen Havinga & Mr. Martijn Flinterman)