Chemical Cluster
Emergency Planning for Threats against Chemical Clusters

Emergency Planning for Threats against Chemical Industrial Areas

A multi-plant emergency response plan for tackling major fire accidents in chemical clusters
- Paper of SAFE 2017 conference
- Multi-plant emergency response for tackling major accidents in chemical industrial areas
- LDE A0 Poster


Chemical clusters usually consist of several chemical plants within a limted boundary. Due to numerous ranges of facilities, handling huge amount of hazardous materials, and extreme process conditions, such chemical clusters can be potential targets for deliberate acts of terrorists. As such, an efficient cross-company emergency planning is necessary to reduce the consequences of potential attack scenarios and to enhance promptness of mitigation measures within the chemical cluster.


The proposed research is aimed at developing a multi-plant security emergency management tool to assist chemical companies within a chemical cluster to effectively respond to a security event in a pre-agreed procedure.


To meet the aims and objectives of the study, the following steps will be taken:

(i) Intelligence gathering, including the intentions and capabilities of potential terrorist threats

(ii) Processing the information to identify threats and vulnerabilities within chemical plants in a cluster

(iii) Identification, analysis and development of attack scenarios and modelling their consequences (iv) Decision-making as to how companies within the security cluster should respond to various emergency levels

(v) Developing the multi-plant security emergency plan matrix


The main outcome will be a Security Emergency Management Matrix (SEMM) to mitigate the consequences of potential attack scenarios and to enhance the effectiveness and promptness of emergency response.

The research outcomes will also be presented at:

  • The 27th annual European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017); Portoroz, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017.
  • 7th International Conference on Safety and Security Engineering (SAFE 2017); Rome, Italy, September 6-8, 2017
  • Two papers in peer-reviewed international journals

Project follow-up

The research outcomes will be presented to main chemical companies (Chemelot, DOW, etc.) in order to seek opportunities to further the research (e.g., via a PhD study)


  • Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Safety and Security (2016)

Industrial collaboration/funding will be saught as soon as the research outcomes can be verified and presented